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Useful hints, tips and must do's for Livestock

Afbeelding: All Stock buying

Cattle

Always group animals in relation to same size, age and breed

Never run out of feed

Ensure adequate supply of long fibre to reduce bloat and acidosis

The higher the DLWG for the first months of life, the better the conformation class

Always make sure there is adequate trough space

Essential Reading
Cattle Keepers Handbook - RPA
Code of Recommendations for the Welfare of Livestock - Cattle / Sheep (DEFRA)

Afbeelding: Sheep housing

Sheep

At tupping aim for condition score 3.0 - 3.5

Ram - feed up to 0.5kg / day Farmgate All Stock Pencils only when out on grass

Feed ewes in poor condition 0.25kg / day from 2 weeks pre to 3 weeks post tupping

A maximum of 0.5 condition score loss is acceptable for ewes in good condition in mid pregnancy

Pre lambing expect to feed 3 tonnes / 100 ewes, start-finish system - 75kg / lamb

Allow 7 - 9 litres of fresh water daily / ewe (1.5 - 2 gallons)

Feed 0.5kg Farmgate All Stock / expected / scanned lamb in the 3 weeks pre lambing, then double it post lambing

Afbeelding: goat housing

Goats

Register your goats with DEFRA who will isse you with a County Parish Holding (CPH) Number, after this you will then be issued with a Herd Registration Document (HRD) that will allocate your goats with their own unique herd number.

Goats that die or are slaughtered over the age of 18 months old should be reported to DEFRA (except those used for human consumption).

A Record of Medicines indicating treatments, and the dates of commencement and finish including the identification numbers of goats treated must be kept.

Goats that are being transported to other premises, Shows etc must have an up to date Movement Record Book, with any movement details logged.  You must also send details to your local ADHO within 3 days.

Animals born after the 9th July 2005, must have identifying ear tags, showing the herd number and individual goat's number.

Reporting and treating problems

Anthrax, Scrapie, Foot and Mouth, Rabies and Brucellosis are required by Law to be reported to the authorities.

Where goat's milk is being processed for human consumption, your premises must be registered or licensed as a "dairy establishment".

All dairy producing establishments must provide a risk analysis programme that is passed by their local Environmental Health Department.  Once authorised you will be allocated a health mark and unique number that should be issued on all packaging used for traceability purposes with the EU.
 

PROBLEM  CAUSE  CURE
Diarrhoea Digestive upset Seek advice from your Vet
Mastitis Caused by bacterial infections that may stem from bad hygiene Seek advice from your Vet
Overgrown feet & foot rot Can occur when feet aren't trimmed on a regular basis Inspect and trim feet every 6 - 8 wks
Skin irritation Poor hygiene & grooming Goats should be groomed & clean - if irritation occurs seek advice from your Vet
Worms Poor fodder / greens, stress Use a regular de-wormer