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Maximise Return – use an inoculant

Aerobic stability is essential. Effective preservation techniques using an appropriate additive will reduce dry matter losses and protect the nutritional value and intake potential of the silage that is made. Using a silage additive with a dual action produces a fast efficient fermentation in the clamp to control undesirable bacteria and also help to improve aerobic stability, reduces heating, waste and DM losses from yeast and mould activity when the silage is exposed to the air. Silage additives with an enzyme can help improve digestibility. Trials have shown that 25% of the crop dry matter can be lost between harvest and feed out. Getting the preservation right can significantly reduce these losses.

It is now possible to utilise a field of wheat, barley, triticale or oats and harvest in different ways to produce different types of feed with different nutritional characteristics:

Fermented Wholecrop – High energy forage with a lot of slow fermenting starch. This is ideal for livestock as it stimulates the rumen and prevents the development of acidosis and increases yield.

Harvesting earlier at a lower DM (35-45%), fermented wholecrop does not need to be processed as the grain and straw is softer and easier to digest in the cows rumen. A chop length of 3-5cm provides effective fibre and the forage can be treated with many different inoculant products to produce a silage with reduced DM losses and greater aerobic stability.

Fermented Milled Wholecrop – High dry matter, high energy forage with reduced levels of bypass starch. The starch is more fermentable and requires careful feed planning.

Crimp – High energy, moist feed with most of the starch rumen fermentable at a slower rate. Ideal replacement for combined grain and improves DM yield.

Combine Grain – High energy feed which must be rolled or bruised in order to be digested.

Alkalage – Forage taken at a higher dry matter (75-85%) and treated with ‘Home ‘n’ Dry’. While the starch content may be higher due to harvesting at a later stage it is essential to use a mill processing unit on the forage harvester to ensure the grain is broken and available for digestion. The forage is alkaline, stable, with increased nitrogen content and the ammonia reacts with lignin in plant cell walls to improve digestibility

Link: 61907