For the Future of Farming


"A high energy winter hardy crop for feeding to stock"

Swedes provide a high energy, autumn or winter feed, which prefer a cool, moist climate. Sufficient rainfall is required together with good soil conditions in order to provide strong root development. Some varieties have culinary potential. 


Average DM yield 7-10t/ha
Average fresh yields 70-80t/ha
DM 9-13%
Crude Protein 10-11% fresh
Digestibility value 82D
Metabolisable energy 12.8-13.1 MJ/kg DM



April – June. Grown on a wide range of soil types including sandy loams, silts, peats or clay loams. Good aeration and sound drainage of soil are ideal. pH of 6.5. 


Most swede crops are grazed in situ, so variety selection is crucial to ensure they cover the period that you wish to graze. Forage swedes can be lifted and the roots stored in a clamp. Need to be clean and free of soil. 



 Usually precision drilled which requires a level seedbed. Early April drilling should be made with the minimum of cultivation passes to reduce compaction. Seed should be sown at 1-2cm deph and left well firmed on top. Rows should be 38-42cm apart. 

Precision drill = 350g-850g/ha. Direct drill = 3kg/ha. Broadcast = 5kg/ha. 


250kg/ha of 18:15:20 should be applied into the seedbed. 


Treated seeds should be sown to maximise establishment and minimise damage to the crop. Mildew attacks on leaves reduce yield and can affect the palatability of the crop during in situ grazing. 

For more information call 0845 070 6280 or e-mail